Magnus Carlsen - Norway
Magnus Carlsen was born in Tønsberg, Norway in November, 1990.
In 2011, Carlsen’s FIDE rating closed in on Kasparov’s historical record of 2851 (year 1999). In 2012, he won the London Chess Championship for the third time. His rating increased from 2848 to 2861 and surpassed Kasparov’s “unbeatable” record.
In 2013 he won the Candidates Tournament and qualified for a World Championship Match vs. Viswhanathan Anand. Carlsen became World Champion by beating Anand 6,5 – 3,5.
In May of 2014, Carlsen reached a peak rating of 2881. Later the same year he won both the Rapid and the Blitz World Championships. In 2014, he defended his World Champion title, and became the first player to simultaneously hold the title in all three FIDE rated time controls (Standard, Rapid and Blitz).
In October 2015, he successfully defended his title in the FIDE World Rapid Championships held in Berlin — the first World Rapid Champion in history to do so.
Magnus Carlsen started 2016 with his fifth win at the Tata Steel Chess Tournament and his first at the Altibox Norway Chess Tournament. He finished the year with a win against Sergey Karjakin at the 2016 World Chess Championship in New York.
He went into 2018 ranked No. 1 in the FIDE rapid and blitz rating lists, with Elo ratings of 2880 and 2965, respectively. In November, he successfully defended his title against Fabiano Caruana at the 2018 World Chess Championship in London.
Carlsen has played in all editions of the Norway Chess tournament. He won in 2019 and 2020.